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Who provide bond rating service and what are ratings used for bonds in Australia

“The Dow Jones Industrial Average was clinging to a small gain, while the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite slipped back into negative territory after The Wall Street Journal said U.S.-China trade talks hit a snag over purchases of agricultural products. The Dow DJIA, +0.33% was up 24 points, or 0.1%, at 27,716, while the S&P 500 SPX, +0.07% edged down 0.1% to 3,089. The Nasdaq Composite COMP, -0.05% was off 0.3% at 8,464. The report said that while President Donald Trump has agreed to buy $50 billion a year of U.S. soybeans, pork and other farm products, China is wary of making a numerical commitment in the text of the agreement.” This article paragraph clearly shows the principle: Market price reflects information. Please note that this is just an example of relevant event on media for your analysis. To meet the requirement of this assignment question, you will need to analyse your selected event and justify why and how a basis principle of finance apply to that event. Part 2. Fact Finding of Australian financial markets 2.1 Fact finding of the Australian Bond market Do a fact finding and present an analysis of Australian bond market. The following questions should be addressed: (1) Where the bonds are traded secondarily in Australia? What are the types of bonds are traded in that market place? (2) Who provide bond rating service and what are ratings used for bonds in Australia? (3) Identify the key differences between Australian Government Bonds and Australian Corporate Bonds, using information and data from ASIC’s Money Smart (ASIC website) (4) Explain the nature of yield to maturity (YTM), identify the relationship between coupon rate and YTM, using an example of bond evaluation with coupon rate which is higher and then lower than YTM for illustration. (5) What is the interest rate risk and how does it affect bond price? 2.2 Fact Finding of Australian Share market Conduct a research and present an analysis of Australian share market. The following questions should be addressed: (1) What is the name of listed stock market in Australia, how is it operated, how many shares are traded in the market place at the present? (2) Using information and data from ASX website, identify what is market capitalization of a listed company, how is it computed? (3) What is the oldest share index in Australia, what does it measures, how many listed stocks are there in the index at the present and how the index is calculated? (4) Go to ASX website and obtain 3-year historical movement graph of that index. (5) Comment on the trend, do a research and identify the factors that may explain the trend

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